Com o uso da tecnologia de impressão tridimensional, o Instituto Nacional de Traumatologia e Ortopedia Jamil Haddad (Into), ligado ao Ministério da Saúde, vai produzir próteses para pacientes amputados.

A técnica já é usada para a confecção de instrumentos médicos usados em pacientes com artroses de ombro do instituto. Ao tornar mais precisas e ágeis as cirurgias, o Into prevê a redução mais rápida da espera cirúrgica.

Especialistas do Into já se preparam para substituir também braços, pernas e pés amputados, inclusive de crianças. “A ideia é realizar esta cirurgia em larga escala e, a partir daí, extrapolar para outras articulações, como coluna e quadril”, conta o cirurgião Marcus Vinicius, que realizou as primeiras cirurgias em 3D no Into.

A tecnologia tridimensional funciona a partir de um software (programa de computador) que reúne informações para a produção dos instrumentos extraídas de imagens produzidas por tomografia computadorizada. Assim, ela gera o objeto plástico.

Um dos principais desafios das cirurgias é colocá-las na posição correta. Por isso, a grande vantagem da impressora é gerar peças que elevam a precisão da inserção dos equipamentos no corpo de forma menos agressiva.

Em cinco anos, o instituto ampliou a sede no Rio de Janeiro e reduziu a fila cirúrgica de 22 mil para 11.123 cirurgias em espera. No primeiro semestre deste ano, foram realizadas 4.323 cirurgias e 108.389 consultas ambulatoriais.

Fonte: Portal Brasil

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